Laser Eye Surgery.

If you are considering refractive eye surgery, you should be aware of the various types of procedures available. A surgeon may help you understand if you are a LASIK candidate. After your initial consultation, your surgeon will make treatment recommendations based on the type and severity of your refractive error and the health of your eye.
LASIK and PRK are the two most common types of laser vision correction surgery being performed today.

LASIK

In this procedure, a thin flap is created in the top layer of the cornea and the underlying tissue, which is reshaped by the laser. The flap is then replaced and serves as a buffer to protect the newly treated tissue from irritants, such as your blinking eyelid. Visual recovery and healing are more rapid than in most other procedures.

Laser-assisted LASIK technique, not yet widely offered, is the most advanced equipment available today. Its greater accuracy and control lead to better outcomes. The laser-assisted LASIK surgery is considered more desirable by some doctors because of its precision, such as fewer visually significant complications; however, all-laser LASIK costs a bit more than LASIK that uses a blade. Once the flap is created, the excimer laser is used to reshape the cornea, which corrects the refractive error.

PRK

The next most common refractive procedure is photorefractive keratectomy, or PRK. This procedure also utilizes an excimer laser to reshape the cornea, but instead of lifting a small flap to reach the sub-layer of the cornea, the outer layer is removed completely. This skin layer regrows in about three to five days; your surgeon may have you wear a “bandage contact lens” for a few days to shield the newly treated surface from irritants such as your blinking eyelid.
With PRK, good vision does not return as quickly as it does with LASIK and patients experience slightly more discomfort while healing. However, our surgeons do recommend some patients undergo PRK instead of LASIK because it ultimately leads to better long-term results in some types of eyes.

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